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Understand your pet’s dental health

Did you know that cavities are extremely rare in dogs and cats? The sharp shape of their teeth is the reason! It prevents the accumulation of food and bacteria that forms in the dental cavities and leads to the formation of cavities.However, they are not immune to tartar and gingivitis! Small breeds of dogs such as Chihuahua, Yorkshire and Shih Tzu to name a few, are very prone to periodontal disease.

Their small mouth is conducive to tartar buildup and gingivitis (or redness of the gums) then occurs because of the accumulation of bacteria between the tartar and the gum.This results in bad breath, dental abscess, loosening of teeth and pain. To prevent or delay periodontal disease, there are several tools at your disposal.

Dental food or chewing bones can help prevent tartar buildup in the premolars and molars but do nothing for the canines or the incisors.Daily toothbrushing is the best method of prevention. Use an animal toothpaste that does not contain fluoride and is available in a variety of flavors to please your pet.

Contrary to beliefs, brushing will not remove calculus. The only way to clean the teeth is to go to your vet for a general anesthetic descaling that may include one or more extractions depending on the condition of your pet’s mouth.For more tips and advice you can come and meet us at the Clinique Vétérinaire du Vieux-Dorion with your animals. We will be happy to advise you in finding the best solutions to preserve the dental health of your animals.